Press Release

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1. General Situation
At 2 pm local time, 14 December 2015, Typhoon MELOR was located at 12.6°N 124.5°E, East of the Philippines, moving west at about 20 km/h with maximum wind speed of around 176 km/h (Figure 1). Typhoon MELOR is expected to continue moving Westwards across the Philippines, as indicated by the typhoon track forecast in Figure 1, issued by Joint Typhoon Warning Centre, Hawaii, USA.

2. Brunei Darussalam Weather Outlook
Based on the latest information, Typhoon MELOR is expected to reduce its intensity as it continues crossing the Philippines on 15th and 16th December. By 17th December, the typhoon is forecasted to downgrade to a low-pressure area as it enters South China Sea areas.

In view of this, Brunei Darussalam may...

Berdasarkan kitaran monsun, Musim Timur Laut dijangka bermula di Negara Brunei Darussalam pada bulan
Disember hingga bulan Mac. Pada lazimnya, semasa Musim tersebut, Negara akan mengalami keadaan cuaca
yang sangat aktif dengan kejadian hujan dan hujan berpetir berintensiti lebat sekali-sekala pada sebelah
petang atau malam, hujan berpanjangan, dan ribut petir pada lewat malam atau awal pagi, terutamanya pada
bulan Disember dan bulanJanuari.

Keadaan cuaca serantau yang berlaku sekarang dan ramalan cuaca bermusim terkini yang dikeluarkan oleh
pusat dunia iklim utama menunjukkan kehadiran El Nino (yang dikaitkan dengan pengurangan aktiviti turunan
hujan) berintensiti kuat di rantau Asia Pasifik dijangka akan berterusan sehingga bulan...

Based on the monsoon cycle, the Northeast Monsoon is expected to start in Brunei Darussalam in
December until March. Normally, during the Northeast Monsoon season, the country will experience
very active weather conditions with occasional heavy showers and thundershowers in the afternoon
or evening, prolonged rain, and thunderstorms during late night or early morning, especially in
December and January.

The prevailing regional weather conditions and the latest seasonal forecasts issued by the major
world climate centres indicate that the presence of strong El Nino conditions (associated with
suppressed precipitation) in the Asia Pacific region is expected to continue until January 2016. In view
of this, most of the...

Negara Brunei Darussalam pada masa ini masih berada dalam Musim Peralihan kedua, dimana aliran angin dari arah Timur terus medominasi di paras permukaan dan paras atas atmosfera. Pada lazimnya aktiviti hujan dan ribut petir meningkat pada Musim Peralihan. Sebahagian besar sistem cuaca Negara kita pada musim ini dikaitkan dengan diurnal forcing, dimana angin laut memainkan peranan penting dalam menghasilkan sel-sel awan ribut petir yang aktif di kawasan pedalaman pada waktu petang, sebelum bergerak ke kawasan pesisiran pantai dan laut Negara pada waktu malam.


Purata turunan hujan jangka panjang bagi tempoh 30 tahun (1979-2008) yang direkodkan di Stesen Pencerapan Kajicuaca Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Brunei bagi bulan November adalah 326.99 mm. Manakala rekod iklim...

Brunei Darussalam is still currently in the phase of second inter monsoon period, where the wind flow from the East is dominating from the surface to upper levels of the atmosphere. Normally during the transition period, the rain and thunderstorms activities are increase. Most of the country's weather system during this season is greatly influenced by the diurnal forcing where the sea breeze plays a pivotal role in generating active thunderstorms cloud cell in the rural areas during the afternoon, before moving to coastal and sea areas at night.


The long-term average rainfall for 30 years (1979-2008) recorded at the Meteorological Observation Station at Brunei International Airport for November is 326.99 mm. Climatological record also shows that the thunderstorms...